陈仓| 洛阳| 景德镇| 嘉峪关| 陇县| 霍山| 宜城| 开江| 六合| 泰州| 高港| 林甸| 平顺| 中牟| 慈溪| 保靖| 睢县| 玛曲| 元坝| 西盟| 新源| 涉县| 内蒙古| 新疆| 荆门| 垣曲| 梨树| 泽库| 晋江| 任丘| 绛县| 纳溪| 招远| 海丰| 丽水| 屯留| 荥经| 佛山| 南浔| 武宁| 陇南| 凤庆| 伊春| 肃宁| 乌什| 会东| 砀山| 通榆| 奉贤| 天柱| 浚县| 伊宁县| 普兰| 镇远| 巴青| 虎林| 临颍| 泉州| 松阳| 梧州| 翁源| 五华| 铜陵县| 共和| 颍上| 兴县| 榕江| 江夏| 当雄| 仪陇| 六安| 自贡| 长沙县| 长岭| 兰西| 仙桃| 北流| 辽阳县| 新洲| 高州| 佛坪| 汾西| 邗江| 桂平| 巩留| 濠江| 阜宁| 桂林| 长垣| 张掖| 昆明| 崇左| 霞浦| 辽中| 安泽| 巴楚| 麻栗坡| 龙井| 寻乌| 甘谷| 太湖| 镇沅| 抚州| 焦作| 米林| 巫山| 鄢陵| 柞水| 政和| 建宁| 伊川| 新宁| 庆云| 武陵源| 武胜| 麦积| 房县| 安化| 平山| 洋山港| 西沙岛| 商城| 左贡| 襄城| 镇巴| 嘉兴| 罗平| 新巴尔虎左旗| 潘集| 疏附| 民权| 铜陵县| 澳门| 枞阳| 黑山| 澄江| 肇庆| 石林| 黄岛| 玉林| 石渠| 崂山| 徐水| 沛县| 从江| 让胡路| 常州| 奎屯| 彭泽| 永吉| 独山| 黎平| 阆中| 戚墅堰| 五莲| 延津| 新竹市| 本溪市| 大庆| 北辰| 藤县| 九龙| 右玉| 遂平| 贵阳| 张家界| 天长| 措勤| 盘锦| 崇礼| 浪卡子| 柞水| 金湾| 平安| 湾里| 遵义县| 无为| 贞丰| 邹城| 惠农| 察雅| 措美| 大厂| 太湖| 轮台| 监利| 织金| 商水| 江宁| 滨海| 梅里斯| 扶沟| 清流| 北川| 民勤| 延长| 东兰| 龙游| 山丹| 水城| 四川| 石屏| 射阳| 溆浦| 三水| 三江| 蒲县| 夏津| 万载| 虎林| 白云| 五河| 霍邱| 永年| 谷城| 仁怀| 保定| 林芝镇| 新乐| 桦川| 彭州| 阳谷| 岳阳市| 井陉矿| 湘潭县| 阜康| 昌乐| 准格尔旗| 陇县| 龙江| 江西| 合阳| 柘荣| 武夷山| 平昌| 钓鱼岛| 赵县| 台州| 朝天| 遂平| 岗巴| 铜陵县| 剑川| 铁山港| 海兴| 万载| 宜宾市| 晋宁| 秦安| 岳阳市| 邓州| 大冶| 周至| 丹凤| 夏邑| 南宫| 晋州| 马鞍山| 崇礼| 高县| 宣化区| 松潘| 清水河|

2018年广西3·15“品质消费 美好生活” 主题宣传活动

2019-09-19 20:02 来源:第一新闻网

  2018年广西3·15“品质消费 美好生活” 主题宣传活动

  PeoplegathertowatchLaurenceBrahm[]“streeteconomics”moreimportantthantheory,IfoundlifeinTianjin’inese,–someti,,,,thentheprovincialpartysecretary,“householdresponsibilitysystem.”Thislittleexperiment,allowingonesmallgrouptherighttogrowtheirownriceandcabbage,,WanListoodattheheightofhispower,asChairmanoftheNationalPeople’,inoneofthosevastdrearyroomswithoverstuffedsofasanddustyredcurtains,hehadoneburningquestion:howtotransformChina’sdebt-riddenrustystate-ownedenterprisesintoglobalconglomeratesthatcouldcompetewithAmericancorporationsforinternationalmarketsFiveyearslaterIwouldbeonthegroundinAnhuiprovince,wherehisownreformsfirstbegan,workingonablueprintforthe“corporatization”ofChina’,whatthenseemedlikethefar-flungdreamofanoldrevol’searlyexperimentof“freemarket.”ButwhatdiditreallymeanAfewboldpeasantsbroughtvegetablesandpeanutsfoldedinroughcloth—,,“marketeconomy.”ThefreemarketwasonthefringesofChina’,,wheresomuchinthewayofresources—fromenergytofood—waswasted,Iwasbothshockedandgettingeducated!LiSenhasbeenworkingforfiveyearsattheMuralConservationandRestorationCenteroftheXianQujiangMuseumofFineArts.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]TheprivateXianQujiangMuseumofFineArtsisapioneeringinstitutioninmanyways,,whenZhouTianyoutookthepositionasthedirectoroftheXianQujiangMuseumofFineArts,,whenitofficiallyopenedtothepubliconJuly31,2012,,thepermanentexhibitionsetina1,000-square-meterhall,features88panels(67ofthemoriginal)fromtheNeolithicperiodtotheQingDynasty(1644-1911).WithmuralsunearthedinShaanxiprovinceservingasthemainfoundation,theexhibitionisalsotheresultofpartnershipswithabout20nationalmuseumsandarchaeologicalinstitutesfrom13Chineseregionsandprovinces,includingthePalaceMuseuminBeijing,LiaoningProvincialMuseum,GansuP,visitorscanseemurals,suchasapiecetitledDancingMenfromtheNeolithicagefromtheGansuProvincialMuseum,agoldsuitofarmordatingbackabout2,700yearsanda1-meter-tallstoneBuddhahead.

ForeignMinistryspokeswomanHuaChunying.[Photo/]TheministryscommentscameafterUSPresidentDonaldTrumpsadministrationannouncedonTuesdayitwillimposea25percenttariffon$50billiono,theMinistryofCommerc,theUSdelegationofmorethan50peoplewilltalkwithChinasteamaboutimplementingtheconsensusreachedinthejointstatement,:"Wewouldliketoseebothsidesputthethreatofsanctionsontheeconomyandjobs."Weneedsolutionsthatwillputthetraderelationshiponasounderpathformutualprosperity,,",analystsexpectatoughjobaheadforthethirdromicinterestsbeforethetalksstartinBeijing,saidZhouQiangwu,directoroftheinternationaleconomicsandfinanceinstituteattheMinistryofFinance."TheUS-Chinatradefrictioncouldevolveintofar-reachingdisputes,"GoldmanSachsanalystssaidinareport."Furthermore,suchtradetensionsmaynotfadeawayeasily,giventheurgencypossiblybeingfeltbyUSpolicymakerswhohadexpectedmorepoliticalconvergencefromChina."TheUSthreatscamejustove"onhold".HiscommentfollowedacommitmentbyChinato,aresearcherattheInternationalTradeandEconomicCooperationInstituteoftheMinistryofCommerce,saidChinashouldpreparefortheworst,sbehav,asthecountrysexportsthataresubjecttopotentialUStariffshavelowaddedvalue,saidTengJianqun,directoroftheDepartmentforAmericanStudiesattheChinaInstituteofInternationalStudies,aftercheckingthelatestlistrenewedbytheUS.USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).

  CaiMeng/ForChinaDailyTheUnitedStatesisgoingbackonitswordandunderminingitscredibilitybyannouncingtrademeasuresagainstChina,ForeignMinistryspokeswomanHuaChunyingsaidonWednesday."Whenitcomestointernationalrelations,acountryunderminesandsquandersitscredibilitybywillfullychangingitsattitudeandgoingbackonitsword,""willimposea25percenttariffon$50billionofgoodsimportedfromChinacontainingindustriallysignificanttechnology,includingthoserelatedtotheMadeinChina2025program",amongothermeasures,svisittoChina,ingtonandjointlyannouncedearlierinMay,Huasaid,urgingtheUStokeepitswordandworkwithChinaaccordingtothespiritdemonstratedinthejointannouncement."Chinadoesnotwant,butisnotafraidof,atradewar,"Huasaid."ChinawillsurelytakeresoluteandpowerfulstepstosafeguarditslegitimaterightsiftheUSinsistsonactingrecklessly."Huaalsocalledforhandlingtradedisputesthroughtalksonanequalbasisandinaconstructiveway,whichis"inlinewiththefundamentalandlong-terminterestsofboththeChineseandAmericanpeople,aswellasthecommonaspirationsoftheinternationalcommunity."SongChen/ChinaDailyBothhistoricalandinternationalexperiencesshowthatonlybyfurtheropeninguptotheoutsid,thelevelandr,theirprocessofopening-uptocatchupwiththedevelopedworldgenerallygoesthroughthreephases:participation,sreformandopening-up,from1978to2008,,Chinasmaingoalwastointegratew,econsequencesofglobalfinancialandeconomiccrises,,Chinahasadoptednovelwaysofdevelopingprocessingtradeandmakingfulluseofforeigninvestments,becausetheadvantagesofabundantsupplyoflaborforprocessingtrade,inwhichforeign-fundedenterprisesholdthemajorityshare,canmaksexport-orientedstrategyisadvancedtechnologyandbecompetitiveintheiltbetweenthelaunchofreformandopening-upin1978andDengXiaopingsaccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganizationin2001,,,Chineseexportssawexplosivegrowth,thetradesurplusexpandedrapidly,,,China,Chinaseconomicgrowthsloweddown,,althoughChinaistheworldsbiggestexporterofgoods,,accumulationofforeignexchangereservesthroughtradesurplusesisnolongeroneofChina,tomaintainthetradebalance,,opening-upisnowaimedattransformingC,asforforeigninvestment,thefocusnowisonattractinghigh-soverseascapitalinvestmentisstilldominatedbyEastAsianeconomiessuchasHongKong,MacaoandTaiwan,,,Chinaisfocu,thescaleofChinesecompanies,Chinaiscapableoffurtheropeninguptoattractqualit,ithastosolvetheproblemofregionalimbalancesandtakemeasurestofacilitatethedevelopmentoftheservicesectorast,Chinacanactivelyparticipateinglobaleconomicgovernance,throughtheBeltandRoadInitiativeforexample,,Chinawillnotonlybeensuredofhelpingshapetheglobaleconomicandtradingrules,,newthinking,oreeffortstotakepartintbalancebetweenexportsandimports(whichmeansimportingmore).Italsostressesthatinnovationshouldbestrengthenedtohaveagreatersayintheglobalhigh-techmarket,,boosttheservicesector,notjustmanufacturing,andmakeeffortstoimprovetheglobaltradingrulesandraisethestatusofitstradepartnersalongtheBeltandRoad,ll2050,whenChinaislikelytobecomeagreat,modern,,Chinasdeterminationtoopenuptotheoutsideworldwillremainfirmwithnewthinking,,itwilltakeabout70yearstoreachthestageofmaturity,thatis,sjourneymaybelong,butitsdeterminationtofurtheropenupitseconomyremainsstrong,

  TechniciansinspectgasfacilitiesinHorgos,NorthwestChinasXinjiangUygurautonomousregion.[Photo/Xinhua]GreaterscopeforcooperationwithmemberstatesofSCOChinasrisingdemandfornon-pollutingnaturalgasisexpectedtospurtradetieswiththememberstatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization,analystssaid."Gas-richcountriesincludingRussiaandCentralAsiannationswillplayasignificantroleinthenaturalgastradecooperationwithChina,withpipelinegasimportsfromCentralAsiaandRussiaexpectedtototal85billioncubicmetersby2020,"saidWangLu,anAsia-PacificoilandgasanalystatBloombergIntelligence."Weestimateimports,ledbyState-ownedoilmajorssuchasChinaNationalOffshoreOilCorporationandprivatecompaniessuchasGuanghuiEnergy,maygrowata17percentaverageannualratebetween2017and2020,"shesaid."ConsideringChinasdependenceonimportstosatisfygasdemandwillriseto75percentin2020from57percentin2017,Chinashighergas-consumptiongoalswillbefulfilledbyhigherimports."DespitethefactthatgasproductiongrowthatChinaNationalPetroleumCorpandChinaPetroleumandChemicalCorpissettosurpassthatofoilbetween2018to2020thankstothedevelopmentofshalegas,domesticproductionandpipelineimportswontbeenoughtosatisfyChinasgrowinggasappetite,resultingincontinuousgrowthinnaturalgasimports,investmentsinrecentyearswiththeSCOmembers,includingtheYamalliquifiednaturalgasprojectintheArcticregionofRussiabetweenCNPC,thecountryslargestoilandgasproducerbyannualoutput,andNovatek,Russiasfirstintegratedprojectforpolarnaturalgasexploration,development,liquefactionandtransportation,YearthroughitsChina-RussiaEast-RouteNaturalGasPipelinebytheendof2020,whenthepipelineiscompletedIthasalsosteppe,whichrunsthroughChina,Turkmenistan,KazakhstanandUzbekistan,ein2017,,especiallyRussia,KazakhstanandUzbekistan,playcomplementaryrolesasimporterandproducersofnaturalgas,withChinaseeingsurgingdemandinthedomesticmarket,saidLiLi,energyresearchdirectoratICISChina,aconsultingcompanythatprovidesanalysisofChinabridgethedemand-supplygapamongSCOmembersandhelpmakeSCOmembersstronger,,ChinahasalwaysregardedthememberstatesofSCOasaprioritypartnerforenergycooperation,asChinahasbeenatopbuyerandstrategicpartneroftheabundantoilandgasresourcesfromRussiaandCentralAsia,whileChinasfinancialsupportfrominstitutionsinclusnecessarytoupgradethecountryspipelines,storagefacilitiesandtransportationnetworkstoensuregassupply,shesaid.Beyondsformerbassist,WongKakeung(left)withhisbrotherWongKakuiswaxreplicainMadameTussaudsBeijing.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]WongKa-kuisclassicythmguitaristofthelegendaryHongKongrockband,Beyond,soitisonlyfittingtha,andthe25thanniversaryofhisaccidentaldeath,theworld-famousattractionrecentlyunveiledawaxfigurefeaturingthestarwithhisiconiclook."Itreappearonstage,"saysthelate-singersyoungerbrotherandBeyondsformerbassist,WongKa-keung,whoattendedtheunveilingceremonyatthewaxmuseum."ThewaxreplicaissorealthatmyfamilyandIweremovedbeyondwordswhenwefirstsawitspicture,"heexplains."Thefeatures,suchasthemouthandnose,"

USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]Themorningafter,,2018historicsummitbetweenUSPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKChairmanKimJong-un,,theDPRKonceapariahhermitstateiscomingoutstoliftthesanctionsMoreover,atwhatprice,andhowmuchaidwillAmericaneedtoprovidetheDPRKforthisimpoverishednationtoge‘nothing,’inglaborcostsofChina’,,RudiSirrbelievesthatthechallengewillnotbeinluringforeigninvestment.“ndustriesthatneedtogrowwithoutcreatingeitherunnecessarydebtorinflation,”tment,butconcernedthattheinvestmentswillcomeininanirrational’sintentionistocreateasystematicandcontrolledmeansofopeningtheeconomygradually,,“NorthKoreahaslearnedtolive,itmayactuallyproveabenefitastheysequencetheopeningon,unnecessarilyredundantinvestmentsandexternaldebtallofwhichcanbedestabilizingforthecountrysociallyeconomicallyandpolitically.”China’sBeltandRoadInitiativecanofferpracticalsolutionsfortheDPRK’“Chinasolution,”thefirstpriorityfortheDPRKshouldbetogettheinfrastructureinplaceforrai,transshipmentofRussiancoalfromSiberatoPuson’,,theDPRKhasamoreambitiousvisiontoextendthisraillinkallthewaytoSouthKoreathereby,theDPRKenvisionsthatthroughRajin,andtheoverlandrailnetworkextendingacrossSiberia,withaBRIupgrade,,,inancienttimes,’,everyoneinEastAsiahasaneconomicinterestinseeingsanctionsliftedagainsttheDPRKsotheycangetonanddobusiness.“Collectivelythisaffects600millionpeo,ifmanagedproperly,willsolvealotoftheDPRK’sproblems,”,therealquestioniswillWashingtonofferaclearandreasonableblueprinttoliftsanctionsThisiswhattheinvestmentbankersarewaitingfor,ternationalFellowattheCenterforChinaandGlobalization.

  USPresidentDonaldTrump(right)attendsaG7andGenderEqualityAdvisoryCouncilmeetingaspartofaG7summitintheCharlevoixcityofLaMalbaie,Quebec,Canada,June9,2018.[Photo/Agencies]ThehugedividebetweentheUnitedStatesanditsalliesoverissuessuchastrademeantthemagnitudeofdiscordatthisyear’sG,whichistryingtoresurrectitswaningcloutintheworldeconomy,b,theG7summitonlyrenewedfearsthatthereisatradewarbrewingbetweentheUSanditstradepartners,doverintheirjointstatement,USPresidentDonaldTrumpretractedhisendorsementofthejointcommuniqué’spenchantforgoinghisownwayandbeliefthattheUScangetitsownwayintradebyleveragingitseconodweight,Trump’sprofitandlossaccountonlyservestopresentafalsepictureofglobaltradetiesandobscurethefactthathisadministrationispla—andtheTrumpadministrationseemstoconsiderthecountryhasnootherpossibilityofsuccessexceptthroughsuchtacticsforindustriesofparticularimportancetoit—USworkers,companiesandfarmers,insteaditwillleadtoretaliationfromothercountries,andconsequentlyincreasinglyhighertradebarriersandlesscompetition,uteswithothercountriessuchasChina,theglobalbacklashagainstTrump’osed-doorpoliciesoftheUS.

  Studentsboarda"gaokaotrain"atDayangshutownshipinNorthChinasInnerMongoliaAutonomousRegion,June5,2017.[Photo/VCG],,thenationalcollegeentranceexamination,,,boardedthetrainonTuesdaywithherclassmates."Thetripmaybethelasttimewearealltogether,"saidLu,"gaokaotrain"departonitstwo-and-half-hourjourneymanytimesasgenerationsofherschoolmatesleftfortheexamination,sInnerMongoliaAutonom,studen,the"gaokaotrain"departsonJune5,($2).Beforethecharteredtrainservicebeganin2003,,"gaokaotrain"asshewasworriedthatthebumpyjourneywouldinevitablyaffectherperformance.","saidMeng,,thetrainhascarriedmorethan30,,,,includingstudentsandparents,hasdeclinedfrom1,300atitspeakto500thisyear,saidChenRuqing,,thericketyoldgreentrainhasbeenreplacedwithaneweronewithairconditioning,andphotographeronboardwillpreservethememoriesofwhatisaveryspecialdayinthelivesofthoseaboard."Althoughwelosemoneybyoperatingthetrain,wewillkeeprunningaslongasitisneeded,"Chensaid.AgroupofRussiandoctorsstudycuppingpracticeatatraditionalChinesemedicinehospitalinGansuprovince.[Photo/Xinhua]AnallianceofhospitalshasbeensetuptoenhanceacademicandtechnologicalexchangesamongShanghaiCooperationOrganiza,aplatformfordiscussiononmedicalstandardizationmanagementandclinicaltrials,alliancealongwithsevenfromKyrgyzstan,Kazakhstan,PakistanandMongolia,accordingtoZhaoHongtao,deputysecretary-generaloftheChinaHospitalAssociation,,inwhichSCOcountriescanbenefitfromtelemedicineandtransfertreatment."TheallianceintendstoencouragethepracticeoftelemedicineinSCOcountries,wherethereishighdemandamongmedicalworkers,"ferclinicalcareatadistance,suchasthroughavideolink,he,atelemedicineplatformwassetupintheXinjiangUygurautonomousregiont,theycansharemedicalresourcesandconsultexpertsinmajorcitiesincludingBeijing,sachievementsandencouragemorehospitalstotakepart."WealsoexpectmorequalifiedhospitalsinChinasdevelopedareaswilljointheplatformsothatmorepatientsfromremoteareaswithinSCOcountriescansharehigh-classmedicalresources,",especiallythosewithcomplicatedandseverediseases,,directoroftheassociation,toldChinaNewsServicethatthealliancewillnotonlyenha,deputyhealthministerofKyrgyzstan,saidhiscountryalreadyenjoyslotsofcooperationwithChina,includingexchangesofmedicalexpertsandstudents.

  AnemployeeofZTECorpworksonanassemblylineinXian,capitalofShaanxiprovince.[PhotobyYuanZhijing/forChinaDaily]Managementrevamp,stiffpenaltiestoavoidUSsanctionsdampeninvestorsentimentSharesofZTECorpplummetedonWednesday,aftertheChinesetelecommunicationequipmentmakersaiditwillhavetopayatleast$1billioninpenaltiesandreshuffleitsmanagementinexchangefortheUnitedStatesgovernment$($)onWednesday,thelowestinayear,$1billionfineandsettingaside$400millioninescrow,itwouldreplaceitsboardandseniorman,orthoseabovetheseniorvice-presidentlevel,ceDepartmentimposedabanonpurchasesofUStechnologyinpunishmentforit,becauseUScompaniesprovideanestimated25percentto30percentofcomponentsinitssmartphones,tethatsuchmoveswillhavealimitedimpactonZTEsbusiness,giventhatitremainstheworldsfourth-largesttelecomequipmentmakerandithasarelativelysteadyrelationshipwithitsclients."ItwillnotleadtobigfluctuationsinZTEsshort-termperformance,"CICCsaid,maintainingits40yuan($),,CEOoftelecomsindustrywebsiteCctime,saidthedarkestdaysforZTEareover,anditislikelythatth,000high-techjobsintheUS.

  Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.AnemployeecarriesarearwindshieldattheFuyaoGlassAmericaproductionfacilityinMoraine,Ohio,US.[Photo/Agencies]TheroadforChinesecompaniestoinvestintheUnitedStatescouldstillbebumpythisyeareventhoughthetwocountriessoughttoeasetheireconomicdisputesandagreednottoengageinatradewar,ohavetheirmergerandacquisitiondealsreviewedandapprovedbytheUSgovernmentandtheincreasinguncertaintycouldpromptthemtolookawayfromtheUSasaninvestmentdestinationintheshortterm,accordingtolawyerswhoofferlegaladviceandservicestoChinesecompanies."TheresbeengreatconcernexpressedbyChinesecompaniesaboutwhetherornotitsworththeeffort(investingintheUS)…Ifitsnotgoingtobeseenfavorablyfromthebeginningthentheylllookelsewheretofigureoutanotherplacetoinvest,"saidWendyWysong,apartnerofLondon-basedlawfirmCliffordChance,,uncertaintiesinChina-UStradediscussionsandthecontroversyinvolvingChinesetelecommunicationequipmentmaker,thevalueofoutbounddealsreachedbyChinesecompaniescontractedby15percentyear-on-yearto$94billion,ssinvestmentintheUS,astheUSgovernmentistighteningitsgriponmergersandacquisitionsbyChinesecompanies,especiallyinthetechnologysector,saidAlanWang,corporatepartnerinFreshfields,chiefrepresentativeoflawfirmBakerMcKenziesBeijingoffice,saidthatMAsandcorporateactivitybyChinesecompaniesingeneralwilllikelyremainatawait-and-seestagegiventheuncertaintiesintheChina-UStradediscussionsandanymaterialimpactitcouldhaveonChineseinvestmentintheUS."Ifweseebroadeningandretaliatorymeasuresspreading,thatwouldnodoubtadduncertaintytotheoutlookintheshortterm,andbusinessesdonotlikeuncertainty,"Jiasaid."Therefore,politicalriskassessmentandregulatoryplanningareincreasinglybecominganimportantpartofanoveralldealstrategy."$29billionworthofinvestmentsintheUSlastyear,down35percentfromtherecord$46billioncompletedin2016,accordingtoajoinasonbehindthedecline,short-termunfavorableconditioleconcernsbytheCommitteeonForeignInvestmentintheUnitedStatesincludedAntFinancialsacquisitionofMoneygram,ZhongwangstakeoverofaluminiumproducerAlerisandCanyonBridgeCapitalPartners"PuttingasidetheZTEcase,IthinkthatanycompanythatisdependentonUSorigingoodsneedstoconsidertheimplicationsoftheUSexportcontrollawsandUSeconomicsanctions,andtheenforcementtoolsthattheUnitedStateswillbringtobeariftheybecomeconcernedaboutaparticularcompanysconduct,"Wysongsaid."Th,withtherecentwithdrawalfromtheJCPOA(JointComprehensivePlanofAction),therearegoingtobesecondarysanctionsonparticularindustrysectorsinIranandnon-UScompaniesneedtobeawareofthose,",apartnerinFreshfeildsglobaltransactionsgroup,saidthatCFIUS,theUSinter-agencypanelthatreviewsforeignacquisitions,hasenteredamoreaggressiveeraofenforcement."Oneproofist,lessthan30percentoftheoverseasinvestmentintotheUSwillgothrougha40-dayinvestigation,uptofivemonths,",thelong-termoutlookofChineseoutboundinvestmentremainsoptimisticasitwillbedrivenbyfactorssuchastheBeltandRoadInitiativeandtheglobaleconomyneedsChinesecapitaltobedeployed,accordingtolawfirmBakerMcKenzie."WebelieveoutboundMAwillrestartitsgrowthtrendin2018withamodestincreasecomparedto2017,"saidJiaatBakerMcKenzie."C,pharmaceuticalsandconsumer-relatedindustrieswillbecomeincreasinglyimportantMAsectors,"hesaid.

  TheproblematicplantoadaptthefamousnovelBumiManusia(EarthofMankind)intoafilmand,buttheabilitytodigestthewriters/indeedthetragiclovestorybetweenthemaincharacters,,:thatAnneliesseparationfromMinkedepictsthepowerlessnessofthecolonizedpeopleastheoppressedinthefaceofthelaw,imposedonthembytheoppressor;thatMinkesshiftfromaspoiledwriterwhoinitiallyonlywantedhiswritingtobeappreciatedbytheupper-classoppressors,toanationalistwriterwhowantedhisworkstoinspirehisfellowbrothersandsistersisacallfornationalismandsocialmovement;howNyaiOntosorohsout-of-her-time,courageousindependencefromherrottenhusbandisacallforfreedom,,themoreonereadsthebookhopefullyfollowedbyothersinthetrilogythemoreonewillfindideastodiscuss,,BumiManusiaisareputableliterarywork,notonlynationallybutglobally,l,especi,,,asIwillnotj,IdefinitelyexpectthatHanunghasafullgr,NoviaRianiPutridismissedpeonalmaterialnortheauthor,andsaidBumiManusiacouldbepopularamo,shesaidnobodywouldactuallybothertoreadaclassicandthicknovelofothercountrieswithold-languagestyleaseventhenativespeakers[ofthoseworks]mostlyreadthemaspartofahighschooltask,,AhmadToharisRonggengDukuhParuk(DancerofParukVillage)wouldonlymeanastoryofaneroticdancer,UmarKayamsParaPriyayi(TheNobility)wouldbenothingmorethanafamilydramaandAchdiatKartaMihardjasAtheiswouldbemerelyanothertragiclovestory.(mut)***ThewriterisanIndonesianlectureratGuangdongUniversityofForeignStudies,Guangzhou,ent,TeachersCollege,ColumbiaUniversity,NewYork,theUnitedStates.

  ChinesePresidentXiJinpingmeetswithGermanChancellorAngelaMerkel,inBeijing,capitalofChina,May24,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]Lastweek,GermanChancellorAngelaMerkelconcludedher11thvisittoChinasince2005,,thel,fromJanuarytoMay,EuropeanleaderssuchasFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,BritishPrimeMinisterTheresaMay,DutchPrimeMinisterMarkRutteandAustrianPresidentAlexanderVanderBellenvisitedChina,,mainlybecauseoftheunstablepoliciesoftheUS,thedialoguebetweenEuropeanUnionmemberstatesandChina,statements,mediareportsandcommuniquésshowtheirmeetingshavebeen,byandlarge,,alltheEuropeanleadershavesupportedtheChina-proposedBeltandRoadInitiativeandagreedtoworkwithChinatopromoteglobalization,,MerkelsaidshesupportsChinascooperationeffortsinEurope,sodotheleadersofthe16CentralandEasternEuropeancountries,ina,whichces,especiallyoncooperationonforeignpolicies,nges,,someEUofficialsareinfluencedbyideologyand/orlobbyinggroups,,heurgedthatChinaandGer,theideologicaldifferencesarepreventingsomeEUcountriesfromcapitalizingontheopportunitiescreatedbyChinaDonaldTusk,theyneedtomakemoreeffortstoliftBeijing-Brusselsrelationstoanewlevel,especiallybecausetheyarelosingconfidenceinWashington,,whowastheprimeministerofLuxemburgfrom1995to2013andministeroffinancesfrom1989to2009beforeheadingtheEC,srelationsforeigninvestmentinthefinancial,serviceandhigh-endmanu,therefore,theEUleadersshouldmakeeffortstoestab,BeijingandBrusselscanatleastexchan,TuskandJuncker,whentheyvisitChinalaterthisyeartoholdtheirannualmeetingswithChineseleaders,mustshowtheyareeagertodothesame,sothatBeijingandBrusselscanfulfilltheirdueglobalresponsibilitiesofpromotingfreetradeanddee

  ATridentSeafoodsAlaskanfishingtendervesselispicturedinKetchikanharbor,Alaska,US,July6,2012.[Photo/IC]SANFRANCISCO-GovernmentandbusinessofficialsfromtheUSNorthweststateofAlaskahaveagreedthatatrademissiontoChinalastmonthwasvaluable,,whichconcludedonMay30,AlaskaGovernorBillWalkerwasworkinghardtopromotehisstatesresourcestotheworldssecondlargesteconomy,rangingfromAlaskasseafood,energy,sportsfacilitiessuchasaski-trainingbase,tourismandwinterresortvenues,saidtheTVchannel."Wemetwithsomecompaniesthathavemoreemployeesthanwehaveresidents,andsoitgivesyouanideaofthesizeofthecompaniesthatareinterestedinAlaska,"dpositivelyandareconsideringatriptoAlaskatotapthestatespotentialforwintersportstrainingfacilities,,governmentaffairsdirectorofTridentSeafoods,saidthetripwas"beneficial"tohercompany,sgrowingmiddle-incomepopulationwillincreasedemand,sseafood,thestate$,founderandownerofababyfoodcompanyinAlaska,alsocitedthestronginterestofChinesecustomersin"thepurityofnaturalAlaskaproducts."Theparentsofthe18millionbabiesborneachyearinChinacouldbeavaluablemarket,shesaid.JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

  

  2018年广西3·15“品质消费 美好生活” 主题宣传活动

 
责编:

岫岩玉,简称岫玉,是以其产地命名的。岫玉,属蛇纹石,形成于镁质碳酸岩的变质的大理石中,我国这种地质环境的矿床很多,因而类似岫玉的产地很广泛。岫玉外观呈青绿色,黄绿色,半透明,抛光后呈蜡状光泽,硬度为3.5度至5度。新石器时代红山文化所用玉材,产于岫岩境内细玉沟,俗称老玉,为透闪石软玉。商代妇好墓出土玉器多数玉材与岫岩瓦沟矿产岫玉近似。辽宁省瓦沟矿岫玉开采历史悠外,储量丰富。为我国当前主要产玉矿区,产量占全国60%左右。

名称
岫岩玉
别称
岫玉、蛇纹石玉
产地
辽宁省岫岩
颜色
黄白、绿、墨绿等
分类
河磨玉、黄白老玉、甲翠等

1简介

编辑本段 回目录

岫岩玉岫岩玉
    岫岩玉产于中国辽宁省岫岩,岫岩县是一个山清水秀、物产丰富、藏风聚气的风水宝地。经过千万年的自然演化,凝聚了千万年的日月山川之精华,从而蕴育产生了闻名于世的国宝珍品--岫岩玉。

岫玉是中国四大名玉之一,大体分两类,一类是老玉(亦称河磨玉),其质地朴实、凝重、色泽深绿,是一种珍贵的璞玉。另一类是软玉,其质地坚实而温润,细腻而圆融,多呈绿色,而其中以纯白、金黄两种颜色是罕世之珍品。

岫玉是产于地灵充足的地脉之下,在千万年的形成过程中吸收了天地之精华、自然界之灵气,所以除了本身具有的可收藏价值之外,更有着风水上的重大价值。

2历史简况

编辑本段 回目录

岫岩玉岫岩玉
    中国对岫岩玉的认识和开发利用已有悠久的历史,如在距今约6800年-7200年的辽宁沈阳新乐文化遗址就出土有用岫岩制作的刻刀。发现于辽字朝阳和内蒙古赤峰一带、距今约5000年的红山文化遗址亦出土有用岫岩玉制作的手镯等。河南安阳殷墟妇好墓出土的大量玉器和河北满城西汉早期中山靖王刘胜墓出土的“金缕玉衣”的玉片,也都有一部分是用岫岩玉制作的。

《毛传》(《毛诗故训传》) 有“琇莹,美石也”的记载。汉初《尔雅·释器》载有“东方之美者,有医无(巫)闾之珣玗琪焉”。普郭璞对其注释为:“医无闾,山名,今在辽东。珣玗琪,玉属。”上述“琇莹”有可能是岫岩的古称,或由“岫岩”的同音转换而来,或以地名称玉石,故说“琇莹,美石也”。既然“医无闾”为辽东山名,“珣玗琪”又为“玉属”,无疑作为“东方之美者”的“珣玗琪”就是辽东玉石“琇莹”了。

北京明代十三陵中的定陵也出土有蛇纹石玉制品,由于其物质成分、工艺美术特征等均与岫岩相似,故其玉石来源很有可能为岫岩玉。清代及近代用岫岩制作的艺术品则更为丰富,如北京故宫博物院等就有其收藏。新中国成立后,国家于1957年在岫岩县北瓦沟一带建立了国营矿山。在生产过程中,北瓦沟露天采区于1964年自动滑落出一块体积为2.77×5.6×6.4米,重约260.76吨,以草绿色为主,透明度较高,有一半被滑石包裹着的巨大而完整的岫岩玉块,其制品“玉王岫岩玉大佛”现陈列于辽宁鞍山市玉佛苑。

从70年代末至80年代,辽宁省地质矿产局、中国科学院贵阳地球化学研究所等单位对岫岩玉进行了系统的研究。迄今岫岩玉的年产量约占全国玉石总产量的50%~70%,供应全国20多个省、市、区约200个玉雕厂使用。用岫岩玉制作的各种首饰和玉器不但销售于全国各地,而且在国际市场上也有良好的销路。 

3基本特征

编辑本段 回目录

成分

岫岩玉岫岩玉
    岫岩玉物质成分复杂,物理性质、工艺美术特征等亦多有差别,因而它不是一个单一的玉种。按矿物成分的不同,可将岫岩玉分为蛇纹石玉、透闪石玉、蛇纹石玉和透闪石玉混合体三种,其中以蛇纹石玉为主。据红外吸收光谱曲线图显示出蛇纹石玉组成,并含少量纤蛇纹石、胶蛇纹石。透闪石主要由透闪石组成,绿泥石玉主要由叶绿泥石组成。通过显微镜、透射电子显微镜、X射线衍射分析、差热分析等手段亦可将岫岩玉分段划分为蛇纹玉、花色玉、绿泥玉三种。

蛇纹玉的矿物成分不尽一致,例如:1、绿色蛇纹玉,主要由利蛇纹石组成;2、黄色蛇纹玉,主要由利蛇纹石组成,也含有纤蛇纹石、叶蛇纹石;3、白色蛇纹玉,主要由叶蛇纹石组成。

花色

花色玉可分为花斑玉、花玉两种:花斑玉指在其白色中有较多的绿色斑块,绿斑由叶绿泥石组成,白色部分为透闪石。花玉指在其白色中有灰、黑、蓝紫色斑带,这种斑带由黑色矿物和菱镁矿组成,白色部分为叶蛇纹石。

绿泥玉呈墨绿、绿、浅绿色,主要由淡斜绿泥石组成。

颜色

岫岩玉的颜色有深绿、绿、浅绿、黄绿、灰绿、黄褐、棕褐、暗红、蜡黄、白、黄白、绿白、灰白、黑等色。如此丰富颜色的存在,常使岫岩玉有极其美丽的“巧色”。颜色的深浅与铁含量的多少有关,含铁多时一般色深,反之则色浅。玉石还有强烈的蜡状光泽、玻璃光泽,有的显油脂光泽;微透明至半透明,少数秀明。其透明度与矿物成分和化学成分有关。当岫岩玉全部由蛇纹石组成时,其透明度高。如果其中有杂质含量达5%~10%,则透明度差。当岫岩玉中铁、镁含量高时,其透明度往往较差;反之则透明度会增高。折射率1.49~1.57。硬度为4.8-5.5,密度为2.45~2.48克/厘米3 。研究表明,其硬度与它本身的结构有关,平行纤维的切面比垂直纤维的切面硬度大。例如,其中的蛇纹石玉平行纤维方向的硬度为5.82,垂直纤维方向为5.61;绿泥石玉平行纤维方向的硬度为2.91,垂直纤维方向的为2.86,等等。不仅如此,岫岩玉的硬度还与其化学成分有关,如铁的含量愈大、镁的含量愈小,其硬度愈高。

在中国的已知玉中,岫岩玉为中档玉石,少数质地特别优良者属于中高档玉石。

4化学成分

编辑本段 回目录

SiO 2 AL 2 O 3 Fe 2 O 3 CaO MgO H 2 O n.n.n 

蛇纹石玉 40.55 0.05 0.82 0.963 42.74 11.65 13.59 65 

透闪石玉 57.14 0.57 2.42 10.42 25.37 - 3.24 1 

绿泥石玉 32.74 15.92 0.51 0.59 36.50 0.51 13.24 2 

5资源分布

编辑本段 回目录

岫岩玉岫岩玉
    岫岩玉所在地区位于中朝地台辽东台隆营口-宽甸古隆起的西端,区内古老地层发育,构造复杂,变质作用强烈,为岫岩玉矿床的形成提供良好的条件。玉石矿体主要成透镜体状,赋存于古代辽河群大石桥组的富镁碳酸盐岩层中,受一定的层位控制,特别是其中的白云石大理岩-菱镁矿层为最主要的含玉层位。矿床在成因上属于层控变质热液交代型玉石矿床。 

现知岫岩玉在辽东半岛分布较广,产量较大。仅以岫岩县而论,其著名的北瓦沟矿区即为资源相当丰富、开采时间较长、年产量甚大的矿区。除此之外,在岫岩县境内还发现有10多处矿床或矿点。其他如宽甸凤城、丹东等地也有岫岩玉矿床、矿点或矿化线索发现。其含矿地层亦均为元古代辽河群大石桥组的富碳酸盐岩层。

6种类

编辑本段 回目录

岫岩玉岫岩玉
    岫岩玉是岫岩出产的各种玉石的统称,它包括矿物学上所称的“透闪石玉”、“蛇纹石玉”和“透闪—蛇纹石玉”三大类;如果从颜色上分,可以分为碧玉、青玉、黄玉、白玉、花玉等10几种;按产地类型分,可以分为井玉、坑玉、石包玉、河磨玉等;按产地分,有瓦沟玉、细玉沟玉等等。

河磨玉
    产于岫岩偏岭镇细玉沟的河床里,它外包石皮,内藏美玉,是玉中珍品,价格十分昂贵。所谓“河磨玉”,顾名思义,就是在河床里经过几十万年、甚至几百万年河水和沙石的冲击、磨涮,表层逐渐氧化形成成石皮,而内部的美玉完好无损被包裹起来。明代的宋应星在《天工开物》中称“河磨玉”为“千年璞”,它的品质可以和新疆和田玉相媲美。河磨玉学名为“透闪石玉”。颜色可以分为白玉、黄白玉、绿玉、墨玉4个基本类型。其主要化学成份为二氧化硅、氧化镁、氧化钙、三氧化二铝、氧化铁、氧化钠等。它的硬度为摩氏6.0—6.5度,平均值为摩氏6.3度。密度为2.91—3.02克/立方厘米,平均值为2.96克/立方厘米。

老 玉
    产于岫岩偏岭细玉沟,属于“透闪石”质玉,因为开发使用比较早,所以称为“老玉”。它的主要化学成份为二氧化硅、氧化镁、氧化钙、三氧化二铝、氧化铁、氧化钠等。它的硬度为摩氏6.0—6.5度,平均值为摩氏6.3度。密度为2.91—3.02克/立方厘米,平均值为2.96克/立方厘米。从颜色上分主要有黄白玉、青玉、碧玉和墨玉4种,其中以黄白玉最为珍贵。它的突出特点是质地异常细腻、温润,外表微透明,呈蜡状、油脂状光泽,多呈翠绿色,类似翡翠。

岫玉
    产于岫岩哈达碑镇瓦沟村,国际上称其为“新山玉”,在当地人们又习惯称它为“岫玉”。岫玉属蛇纹石玉,它的主要矿物成份是叶蛇纹和纤维蛇纹石,硬度在4.7—5.5度之间,平均值为5.2度。密度为2.49—2.64克/立方厘米,平均值为2.58克/立方厘米。岫玉的颜色多种多样,其基本色调为绿色、黄色、白色、黑色、灰色5种,每一种又都可根据色调由浅到深的具体变化分为多种。它的突出特点是质地细腻、温润,外表呈玻璃状光泽,颜色绚丽多彩,透明度较高,非常漂亮,适合雕制比较大型的工艺品。

花玉
    产于岫岩哈达碑镇瓦沟村。花玉是指蛇纹石玉在地表氧化带受次生褐铁矿浸染的玉种,即一部分富含硫化铁的蛇纹石玉,当其处于地表氧化带时,由于风华作用,其中的硫化铁发生分解,形成铁的溶液,沿着蛇纹石的裂隙渗透浸染形成黄褐色褐铁矿或红色赤铁矿,从而使蛇纹石玉被染上黄色、褐色或红色的斑块和条纹。在当地被俗称为“花玉”。它的化学成份和硬度基本与岫玉相同。

甲翠
    主要出产在岫岩的三家子镇、大房身镇等地,是岫岩玉的一个特殊品种,是介于透闪石玉和蛇纹石玉之间的玉种,它具有透闪石玉与蛇纹石玉的综合成份和特性。甲翠的颜色不是单一的颜色,而是白绿相间的混合色,基本不透明或微透明,极象是翡翠,因此开始时人们把它叫做“假翠”。后经有关专家鉴定正式将其命名为“甲翠”。它的硬度约在4—5度之间。平均密度为2.66克/立方厘米。“甲翠”适合用来雕制炉、瓶、薰、鼎等素活,也可雕制小型的饰品

7玉雕题材

编辑本段 回目录

    岫岩玉雕的题材十分广泛,表现的内容丰富多彩,千姿百态,从自然到社会,从历史到现实,从神话到生活,林林总总,可谓无所不雕。在造型上深厚古朴而又不失典雅,严谨统一而又极富变化,可谓形神兼备,极富生机。尤以仿商周及秦汉以前的炉、瓶、薰等素活见长,是同行业中的佼佼者,在规模上,既有气势恢宏、大到数吨甚至数百吨的大件,也有令人爱不释手、小到寸许的微型小件,无论大小精品,皆可令人叹为观止。

8与和田玉的区别

编辑本段 回目录

岫岩玉岫岩玉
    和田玉与岫玉的直观区别如下:

在颜色上,和田玉的颜色较为纯正单一,而岫玉的颜色较多样,单一颜色的岫玉几乎没有;

在光泽上,和田玉呈强烈的油脂光泽,而岫玉的光泽则是腊状油脂性光泽。

此外,岫玉的比重小于和田玉,因此可以通过手的掂量来区别它们。

岫玉的透明度高于和田玉,岫玉的透明度多在半透明至透明之间,亮于和田玉。

和田玉品种以白玉为贵,而岫玉则以绿色为佳。

9鉴别方法

编辑本段 回目录

岫岩玉岫岩玉
    岫玉仿古处理比较常见,多采用化学染料浸泡、浸入油后烤焦、强酸腐蚀等各方法,造成玉器表面呈现出类似古玉器的沁色和腐蚀凹坑。

黄绿色的玻璃易与岫玉相混。玻璃的光泽较强,硬度较大,断口为贝壳状,内部经常会观察到气泡。没有天然玉石应有的结构,有时可见流纹状构造。

隐晶质结构的玉髓,它的硬度一般大于岫玉,折射率比岫玉低,内部较纯净,很少包体。颜色均匀、单一,而岫玉的颜色较玉髓丰富。

有一种淡黄绿色的大理石与岫玉极为相似,这种大理石俗称“巴基斯坦玉”,细观察会发现它的结构为细粒结构,常具有条带状构造,颜色呈层状分布,遇酸会起泡。

寿山石因为硬度也较小,某些透明度较好的冻石与岫玉相似,但是它没有岫玉典型的鳞片状纤维交织结构,硬度比岫玉更低一些。

葡萄石的颜色与岫玉相似,透明度也很好,但是它的硬度明显高于岫玉,达到6-6.5,小刀都刻不动。比重和折射率也明显高于岫玉。

钙铝榴石为明显的粒状结构,硬度大(小刀划不动),查尔斯滤色镜下变色,另外钙铝榴石因含有少量的方解石,所以用盐酸滴于表面可见起泡现象。

软玉中的碧玉与绿色的蛇纹石玉相似。碧玉的结构为毡状结构,硬度大(小刀划不动),比重和折射率都大于蛇纹石玉。

市场上见到的所谓“血丝玉”,有人说是人在去世之后所佩带的宝玉吸收人体的精血而成,很多商家用血丝玉作为卖点,其实国内尚未发现有真正的血丝玉,几乎所有的“血丝”都是用红色的染料染上去的岫玉假冒的。方法简单,就是将岫玉先通过热产生裂隙,然后浸泡于染料中,经染色而成的蛇纹石的颜色全部集中在裂隙中,放大检查很容易发现染料的存在。

10保养方法

编辑本段 回目录

岫岩玉岫岩玉
    说道岫岩玉,相信对玉石有所了解的人并不陌生。岫岩玉是中国四大名玉之一,其色彩繁多,种类多样,是制作玉石首饰的好玉材,在市场上也非常畅销。

但是,岫岩玉的硬度比较低,容易损坏,那么,日常该如何保养岫岩玉呢?

一、避免烤灼

 烤灼会致使岫岩玉内部分子体积增大,产生热张冷缩的效应,破坏岫岩玉玉质。并失去原有的水分,使其质地变得干燥,失去原有的色泽。

二、避免强烈日光照射

强烈的日光照射,一是会蒸发岫岩玉本身的水分,使其变干,影响光泽和颜色;二是会破坏岫岩玉的质地,产生裂纹,更易损伤。

三、避免高温潮湿环境

不要将岫岩玉置于高温潮湿的环境,热量会损坏岫岩玉的玉质,虽然不会使岫岩玉变干燥,但对其色泽也是会有不良影响。

四、避免岫玉碰撞和沾上油污

这一点比较好理解,很多玉石都不能接触二者。因为岫岩玉硬度低,碰撞会破损。再来,油污会侵蚀岫岩玉,最终影响玉质。

五、注意保湿

岫岩玉有一个有趣的特性,就是跑水,所以岫岩玉越戴越干。因此,在不佩戴岫岩玉时,可以将其放在一个袋子里,在袋子里喷些水,有助保湿。

[]Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,

本词条内容由国搜百科根据相关资料编纂,仅供参考。如有问题,可联系我们修订、完善或删除。也欢迎更多热爱知识共享、有志于词条编纂的专业人士参与国搜百科创建。联系电话:010-87869809 合作邮箱:baike@chinaso.com 交流QQ群:5332181520

百科 更多?
淮滨 石油六公司 岳堤口村委会 大兴区黄村镇后辛庄 蒋庄村村委会
青山河 西田村村委会 临颍县 芙蓉南路西口 老公庄村